Saturday, February 4, 2012

Binatang What??

10 Binatang Terpintar Di Dunia

Do You Know what is the world’s smartest animal ever?? or have you ever wondering what is the smartest animal in this world?? this might be a great list of the world’s smartest animal written by Bryan Johnson. We Hope that you enjoy this list of World’s Smartest Animal Ever.
Earth is full of a wide variety of creatures. Living organisms need to hear, think, see, and adapt with precision in order to evolve, flourish, and survive on this planet. The animal kingdom is built around primates, mammals, rodents, cetaceans, marsupials, birds, reptiles, and mollusks, to name a few. As humans, we pride ourselves on being the dominate thinkers and smartest species. This has lifted us to the top of the food chain, but many animal populations have also been successful in breeding, expanding, and adapting to world and climate conditions. It is amazing to see that some animals actually have a certain sense of natural phenomenon that is unknown to humans. The best example of this is the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Many species of animals were seen heading for the hills before any tsunami danger was evident to humans. Animal populations are much smarter then many humans give them credit for. They have languages, mannerisms, rules, and goals for survival. Here is a list of the Top 10 Smartest Animals and the reasons why they are so special.
10. Portia Labiata Jumping Spider
This species is a member of the Portia genus of spiders and is definitely the smallest creature on the list. Also known as the White-Mustached Portia, they inhabit wastelands and secondary forests in Africa, Asia, and Australia. These spiders have demonstrated learning abilities in laboratory tests and have been labeled the smartest bugs in the world. They perform astoundingly well on numerous problem solving tasks. One of their principle skills is luring other spiders from their webs for food. To do this they will pluck out rhythms at the corner of a web to mimic a trapped bug or insect intruder. If the Portia has encountered this type of spider before, then it will remember what rhythm pattern to use in order to achieve success. The Portia labiata has great eye sight and has been seen using incredible instinctive behavior. The spider uses a planned trial-and-error approach to hunting and shows a strong cognitive base. As the prey comes and goes, the spider will sit and wait for hours until it has a perfect moment to strike. Subsequently, plotting ahead and understanding that the meal will eventually return. These spiders have also shown signs of selective attention by identifying specific objects and prey over others.
9. Rats
There are hundreds of rat species throughout the world. Rats are one of the most studied and tested animals on the planet. They have been research and test subjects for numerous famous and influential physiological studies. The reason for this is that a rat’s psychology is similar to humans and they are great for experimental comparisons. All rats learn new behaviors and tricks very easily. A 2007 study found that rats possess metacognition, which is a mental ability that has previously only been documented in humans and some primates. Rats have an amazing sense of smell and hearing. They have been trained to detect land mines and bombs. Recent research and technology has suggested that rats can even smell and identify human sputum samples infected with tuberculosis. These animals are incredible at solving mazes. Rats are social creatures and display signs of remorse, excitement, loss, and stress. They dream in a very similar way as humans. They also show amazing organizational and grooming techniques. Just remember, rats are smart and friendly creatures so don’t fear them. I included this funny rat clip.
8. Ravens & Crows
I have bundled these two together because they are both members of the corvidae family of birds. This family is widely considered the most intelligent of all birds. Crows top the avian IQ scale, which is a scientific test to determine bird intelligence. They can count, distinguish complex shapes, and perform observational learning tasks. Crows are extremely social creatures and will engage in mid-air jousting to establish pecking order. Wild hooded crows in Israel have learned to use bread crumbs as fish bait, thinking in advance and anticipating the catch. The New Caledonian Crow has been intensely studied because of its ability to use tools in its every day search for food. This includes creating knives which are cut from leaves and stalks of grass. They also use advanced plucking, smoothing, and bending of twigs and grass stems to produce a variety of food substances. Ravens are similar to crows, but larger in size. Both species are black in color and the main difference is in their vocalizations. Ravens perform many of the same behaviors as crows, but they have been recognized for their ability to drop nuts, clams, muscles, and shells on to the highway, wait for a car to run them over, and then gather the prize.
7. The Border Collie
The Border Collie is widely considered the smartest dog breed in the world. They usually spend their time sheep herding and handling many forms of livestock, but also make a great pet. With physical exercise and various forms of mental stimulation these dogs are the quickest to learn. The breed originated on the Scottish, Welsh, and English border and the dogs made an instant impact on the farming industry. It has been determined that in certain areas of the Australian Outback a trained collie will do five times the amount of work that a human could manage. The Border Collie dominates dog sports above all other breeds. They excel at high jump, utility courses, fly-ball, and can even take first place in dog dancing competitions. They have an amazing sense of smell and are widely regarded as great tracking dogs. They can be trained as drug dogs or in search and rescue as well. This dog will clearly recognize you as an individual personality, they will learn your routine, anticipate what will happen next, and find ways to get what they want.
6. North Pacific Giant Octopus
This creature lives in the depths of the ocean. They belong to the cephalopod family and the mollusk class. All species of cephalopods are known to have incredible intellectual ability. The octopus is considered the smartest invertebrate alive. In experimental conditions these animals have displayed both short and long term memory. They have incredible observational learning and problem solving ability. Octopuses have an extremely large nervous system, but only a portion is found in their brain. Around two-thirds of an octopus’ neurons are found in cords around and in its arms. There arms have a remarkably large autonomy. They are masters of mimicry and camouflage. They are professional escape artists and can often be found in the hull of crabbing boats, feeding on the catch. These animals have incredibly keen eyesight, sense of touch, and are very fast. There are reports of a North Pacific Giant Octopus reaching 600 pounds, with an arm span of 30 feet. They don’t make great pets or zoo attractions. In one recent story, an octopus flooded the Santa Monica Pier Aquarium by turning a valve and allowing hundreds of gallons of water to overflow the tank.
5. African Grey Parrot
The African Grey is a species of parrot that is found in the West and Central African rainforest. Parrots have long been able to show that they can mimic human speech, but the African Grey can associate words with their meaning and form small sentences. These birds communicate with each other through song, calls, and body language. African Grey’s can easily be trained to have conversations and perform activities. They are accomplished mimics, recreating voices and household noises perfectly. One specific example is Alex the bird. Alex can identify more then fifty objects, seven colors, five shapes, and a numerical value up to six. He understands the difference between big and small, over and under, and has even showed comprehension of emotion by telling his handlers “gonna go away” when becoming bored with testing. Then there is the story of the African Grey Parrot in Nagarey, Japan who was lost by his owners, wounded, and sent to a veterinary hospital. While in the hospital the bird began to talk with the vet proclaiming “I am Mr. Yosuke Nakamura.” He also gave his full home address right down to the last number. Sure enough he was right and returned to home, but not before entertaining the hospital with song and dance.
4. Elephants
There are three living species of elephants, the African Bush Elephant, African Forest Elephant, and the Asian Elephant. All breeds are thought to inherit the same genetic genius. In many cultures elephants are seen as a symbol of wisdom and are known for their incredible memories. They create mental maps and are said to remember exact locations of watering and feeding holes they haven’t visited for years. An elephant’s brain is the largest of any land animal. Elephants have incredible hearing and they use both their ears and trunk to listen. They communicate by bellows, roars, trumpet-like calls, and can even transmit sound over long distances using the ground. These animals are one of few species that have displayed mirror self recognition and can identify themselves as independent. This is considered a base test for empathy, altruism, and higher social interactions in a species. Elephants have been noted performing a wide variety of behaviors. Including actions associated with grief, making music, compassion, play, and advanced use of tools. Elephants have an incredible sense for artistic achievement. They can paint portraits that express themselves. Check out this amazing video of an elephant painting a three-dimensional picture of another elephant.
3. Rhesus Macaque Monkey
Besides humans, the macaque genus is the most widespread in the world. The Rhesus Monkey is well known for its intelligence and because of this has been used extensively in biological and medical research. These animals have an incredible memory, ability to learn, and make self-decisions. They use facial expressions that are very similar and understood by humans. Rhesus Monkey’s have displayed suicidal tendencies, planned attack, and are very socially complex animals. They have detailed vocal systems that share similarities with human communication. Work on the genome sequencing of the Rhesus Monkey was completed in 2007, making it the second non-human primate to have this done. It showed that humans and macaques share 93% of their genetic DNA. The human and macaque chromosomes are mosaics of each other. This species of monkey, along with many others, has been used for monkey-baiting throughout history. This is a roman style fight between monkey’s and other exotic animals. Monkey’s performed admirably in these competitions, winning with intelligence. From this spawned the legend of Jacco Macacco, who was a celebrated monkey gladiator. With incredible technique and precision he usually dispatched of his opponent in three minutes or less.
2. Bottlenose Dolphins
The cetacean family, consisting of dolphins and whales are considered the smartest animals inhabiting the ocean. The Bottlenose Dolphin lives in warm waters throughout the world and is the smartest species of dolphin. It has an extremely large brain and its cerebral cortex and frontal lobe are 40% bigger then a human. The cerebral cortex is the area of the brain responsible for social communication, abstract information processing, problem solving, and higher lever intelligence. Bottlenose dolphins are very easily trained. They have been found to have the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend ideas, and learn from previous experiences. They use echolocation to hunt prey and certain forms of squeaks and whistles to communicate with each other. It is also interesting to see that in many occasions these dolphins show remorse for other species and signs of a conscious. In one recent story, a local dolphin named Moko saved two beached Pygmy Sperm Whales in New Zealand. The whales had been stranded for hours when Moko showed up and led the pair through the sand bars to safety. It was a glorious sight for locals and made national news.
1. Common Chimpanzee
These animals can be found in the tropical forests and wet savannas of Western and Central Africa. Chimpanzee’s learn, perform organizational thinking tasks, and have a better memory then any other animal. They have been known to defeat college educated people in memory exams. They can be taught to use computers to solve numerical problems. This animal can quickly adapt and perform sign language to communicate with humans. Chimps have been observed using advanced knowledge of tools. This includes creating spears to retrieve animals out of small holes in trees, using branches to lure and catch prey, using stones to crack nuts, and leaf sponges to soak up water. They have been viewed using tactical attack maneuvers, such as flanking their prey. They often use mental manipulation within their families. The Chimpanzee Genome Project was completed in 2005. It showed that chimps share 98% of the same genetic DNA as humans. It has been approximately four to six million years since humans and chimpanzee’s diverged from their common evolutionary ancestor. Recently, chimpanzees have been seen teaching sign language to their infants without human interference. We have just begun to understand the chimpanzees true mental capabilities.

Images for binatang

10 Binatang Ter-Aneh di Dunia

1. CUMI-CUMI KUTUB SELATAN (Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni)
Berbeda dengan cumi-cumi raksasa (Architeutis) yang lengan dan tentakelnya hanya dilengkapi penghisap dengan gigi2 kecil, lengan dan tentakel cumi-cumi kutub selatan ini juga dilengkapi dengan pengait tajam.

Cumi-cumi ini merupakan cumi-cumi terbesar melebihi ukuran dan daya tahan cumi-cumi raksasa. Selain itu cumi-cumi kutub selatan merupakan binatang dengan mata yang paling besar di dunia binatang.

Tikus mondok ini mempunyai bulu-bulu anti air berwarna coklat kehitaman dan kaki berukuran besar serta ekor yang panjang dan tebal yang berfungsi sebagai tempat penyimpanan lemak untuk musim semi.

Tentakel2 di hidungnya sangat sensitif dan dilapisi oleh organ2 sensor Eimer. Diameter hidungnya sekitar 1 cm dengan hampir 25,000 organ sensor pada 22 tentakelnya.

Tikus mondok ini tidak mempunyai kemampuan penglihatan jadi alat2 sensor inilah yang digunakan untuk mendeteksi mangsanya yang berukuran kecil seperti serangga air, cacing dan moluska.

Merupakan binatang tercepat dalam memangsa mangsanya, paling cepat hanya membutuhkan 120 milidetik untuk mengetahui keberadaaan mangsanya dan kemudian memakannya. Otaknya dapat memutuskan suatu mangsa dapat dimakan atau tidak dalam waktu 8 milidetik. Kecepatan ini adalah batas kecepatan dari sel-sel syaraf di otak dalam mentransmisikan informasi. Tikus ini juga memiliki kemampuan untuk mencium mangsa di bawah air. Hal ini dilakukan dengan mengeluarkan gelembung udara ke mangsanya atau mencium jejak mangsanya dan kemudian menghirup gelembung udara tadi kembali untuk mencium bau mangsanya.

3. AYE-AYE (Daubentonia madagascariensis)
Keunikan binatang malam ini adlah pada kemampuannya dalam mencari makanan, dia mengetuk pepohonan untuk mencari makanan, kemudian melubangi pohon dan memasukkan jari tengahnya yang panjang untuk menarik keluar makanan dari dalam batang pohon (seperti burung woodpecker).

4. PLATYPUS (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Meskipun binatang malam dan semi akuatik ini bertelur dan mempunyai hidung seperti bebek, Platypus termasuk mamalia karena menyusui anaknya.
Platypus mempunyai organ sensor listrik dan sensor gerakan untuk mendeteksi mangsanya di bagian paruhnya. Platypus jantan mempunyai kemampuan untuk bertahan dengan menggunakan racun.

Tidak seperti kodok2 lainnnya, kodok ini mempunyai kaki bertanduk, mirip dengan sekop, membantunya untuk menggali liang. Kodok ini menghabiskan sebagian besar waktunya di dalam tanah. Mereka akan menempuh jarak 1,6 kilometer untuk mencari sumber air yang cocok untuk bertelur.

6. KEPITING YETI (Kiwa hirsuta)
Kiwa hirsuta adalah kepiting yang ditemukan pada tahun 2005 di Samudera Pasifik Selatan. Kepiting dengan panjang sekitar 15 cm ini, mempunyai ciri khas jumlah setae (bagian tubuh yang menyerupai bulu) yang menutupi bagian kaki/capitnya.

7. NARWHAL (Monodon monoceros), IKAN PAUS "UNICORN"
Yang paling kentara khas dari narwhal jantan adalah gading tunggalnya yang panjang (2-3 m). Gading ini merupakan gigi seri yang tumbuh dari bagian kiri rahang dan berbentuk spiral. Panjang gading ini dapat mencapai tiga meter (bandingkan dengan panjang tubuhnya yang hanya 4-6 m) dan berat gading bisa sampai 10 kg. Dari sekitar 500 narwhal jantan hanya ada satu yang mempunyai dua gading, yang terjadi bila gigi yang sebelah yang biasanya berukuran kecil, juga tumbuh keluar. Narwhal betina juga dapat menghasilkan gading, tapi ini jarang terjadi, dan ada satu kasus yang tercatat perempuan dengan dual tusks.

Teori yang paling banyak diterima menyebutkan fungsi gading ini adalah sebagai ciri seks sekunder, mirip dengan surai yang dimiliki singa atau bulu ekor merak. Jarang Narwhals ditemukan menggunakan gading mereka untuk berkelahi atau memecah es Kutub Utara yang menjadi habitat mereka.

Namanya berhubungan dengan adanya mangkuk2 penghisap di pergelangan tangan dan kaki. Mereka berdiam di daun pohon kelapa yang tergulung, menggunakan mangkuk penghisap untuk menempelkan diri ke permukaan daun yang halus

Binatang malam ini membangun 4 jenis liang perlindungan yang berbeda : 2 jenis untuk perlindungan sementara dan 2 jenis lainnya untik perlindungan tetap. Liang perlindungan sementara menyerupai silinder datar yang tidak tertutup dan tidak mempunyai kamuflase, digunakan untuk bersembunyi dari pemangsanya di waktu malam. Liang perlindungan tetap digunakan untuk bersembunyi di siang hari, tersembunyi dan tersamarkan dengan baik serta ditutupi sumbat unik yang terbuat dari pasir yang mampu menyerap panas keluar dari liang dan menyedot kelembaban dari udara luar ke dalam liang.

Liang musim dingin mempunyai kamar penyimpanan makanan di bagian bawah dan kamar untuk berhibernasi di kedalaman sampai 2,5 meter.



Berikut adalah foto-foto binatang, yang mudah-mudahan akan menghibur Anda di tengah kepenatan aktivitas rutin sehari-hari. Begitu sih harapan saya. :)
Buatlah segelas kopi hangat, duduk santai sambil menikmati foto-foto lucu ini.
Awas ya loe ntar … jelek tau ga muka loe tuh …
foto binatang
Pada liat appaan sih?? Serius amat!
foto lucu
super lucu
Sahabat sejati
binatang lucu
Hmmpphh … sana, sana!! Bau tau nafas loe tuh!
binatang lucu
Kalo orang yang bertengger di situ kayanya lebih lucu deh.
foto lucu
He he he he he …
foto binatang
Judul fotonya ….  Mpus Nono
foto lucu
Cantik ya gue …
super lucu
Hayo tebak isi mulut gue apa yooo?
binatang kocak
Susah-susah ngelintasin balok pohon, padahal tinggal muter dikit.
Yaaaah … namanya juga anak-anak.
binatang lucu
Psstt.. abg lewat tuh!
foto lucu
Tunggu, tunggu, wooii…. maen capluk aja!
foto binatang
Ini pasti papanya bule. Lagi musim kan sekarang pada kawin ama bule.
foto kocak
Mantap posenya.
super lucu
Kebun binatang kan kaga ada cermin, jadi spion pengunjung pasti laku berat.
binatang kocak
Yo’i, spa & massage ala monkey.
binatang lucu
No diving kan buat manusia, gue kan doggy.

10 Jenis Ikan Paling Cantik Di Dunia

Jadilah Yang Pertama Men-shared Artikel Ini Ke Teman-Teman yang Lain..

10.African Cichlids
Ikan ini diucapkan sebagai "Sick-Lids". Ikan ini ditemukan di 3 danau di Afrika: Malawi, Tanganyika, dan Victoria. Spesies yg ada di Danau Victoria jumlahnya kurang beragam dan kurang berwarna-warni dibandingkan dengan lainnya. Biasanya mereka tumbuh hingga 6-7 inchi, dengan pengecualian untuk Spesies Frontosoa, yg bisa tumbuh sampe 12-14 inchi. Ikan2 ini adalah ikan2 air tawar yg bisa dengan gampang dipiara di akuarium rumahan. Selain di Afrika, ada juga spesies ikan ini yg idup di perairan Amazon, tapi ukurannya lebih besar dan lebih agresif dari yg di Afrika.

Dinamakan demikian karena bentuk mulutnya yg mirip paruh burung. Ikan ini menggunakan mulutnya yg seperti paruh itu untuk memecah dan memakan invertebrata kecil yg hidup di daerah koral. Biasanya mereka akan memakan utuh2 bebatuan koral atau pasir2 laut lalu mengunyah invertebrata yg ada di dalamnya, lalu membuang sisa2nya.

8.Regal Tang
Ini ikan yang ada di Finding Nemo bukan sih? Btw, ikan ini tergolong dalam family Surgeonfish, yg memiliki pisau kecil dari zat kapur yg dapat disembunyikan di depan sirip ekornya. Pisau kecil ini digunakan terutama untuk sistem pertahanan dalam menghadapi predator.

7.Coral Beauty
Ikan ini tergolong dalam Angelfish. Ikan2 ini bisa disimpan dalam akuarium2 rumahan dan dapat bertahan hidup dengan baik di dalam habitatnya (hardy)

6.Flame Angel
Ikan ini memikiki hubungan dekat dengan Coral Beauty. Sifatnya sama seperti Coral Beauty, tapi sifatnya tidak 'seteguh' Coral Beauty.

5. Koi
Ada banyak variasi warna dari ikan koi (sekitar 100an). Koi dapat memiliki warna oranye, merah, putih, keemasan, atau hitam. Beberapa penggemar koi rela membayar ribuan dolar untuk seekor koi hanya untuk mencari pola warna koi yg langka.

4.Moorish Idol
Ikan ini tergolong susah untuk dipiara di akuarium rumahan, dan juga sangat mahal harganya.

Ikan ini disebut juga Zebrafish. Tulang belakangnya itu memiliki racun yg sangat menyakitkan dan cukup efektif. Orang yg memeliharanya pastinya harus ati2 kalo mo membersihkan akuariumnya

Ikan ini merupakan spesies ikan air tawar yg mungkin merupakan ikan air tawar yg paling cantik. Harganya juga mahal banget: anakan yg panjangnya 3 inchi berkisar antara $50-$80.


Alasan Mengapa Wanita Suka Dipeluk & Pria Tak Suka Memeluk

Pria tidak paham mengapa wanita sangat senang dipeluk. Bagi pria, pelukan hanyalah pertautan fisik, padahal bagi wanita, pelukan menyimpan arti lebih dalam.

Pelukan memberi manfaat besar bagi kesehatan jiwa dan bisa dilakukan kapanpun secara spontan. Bagi Anda yang asing dan tak biasa dipeluk maupun memeluk, mungkin Anda butuh sedikit tip.

Belai lembut rambutnya, sentuh wajahnya, gosok lembut lengannya, kaitkan jari-jemari tangan Anda dengan jari-jemarinya, gosok lembut punggungnya, dan jaga selalu kontak mata dengannya.

Berikut, sedikit gambaran sisi positif dari pelukan, seperti dikutip

Mengapa wanita butuh dipelukAktivitas memeluk melepaskan hormon oksitosin. Oksitosin bertanggung jawab memancing apa yang disebut para ilmuwan dengan 'sepasang ikatan'. Artinya, pelukan membuat pasangan merasa lebih dekat dan intim.

Dalam urusan cinta, pelukan mampu menciptakan ikatan di antara pria dan wanita. Lebih dari itu, bagi wanita, pelukan merupakan bentuk komitmen cinta dan kesetiaan pasangan.

Pelukan bisa bermakna dalam jika dilakukan dengan tulus. Jadi, alasan wanita menyukai pelukan adalah karena makna yang dihadirkan bisa sangat dalam.

Mengapa Anda harus memeluk

Jika bisa membiarkan diri rileks secara fisik dan emosional, Anda mungkin benar-benar bisa menikmati beberapa keuntungan pelukan.

Sebuah penelitian yang dilakukan di Chicago menyatakan, pasangan yang secara teratur dan spontan saling memberi kasih sayang non-seksual, seperti pelukan, akan merasa lebih puas dengan hubungan mereka.

Oksitosin dilepaskan dari otak Anda yang nantinya memunculkan perasaan bahagia dan tidak stres. Nah, perasaan inilah yang akan memberi manfaat positif terhadap hubungan.

Ada 2 varietas dari spesies ini: Mandarinfish standar dan Psychedelic Mandarin. Yang standar biasanya memiliki pola dan warna yg lebih bagus dibanding Psychedelic. Harganya ga lebih dari $20 per ekor, tapi yg jadi masalah adalah makanannya.

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